Icons of Evolution? References

Anders, E. 1989. Pre-biotic organic matter from comets and asteroids. Nature 342:255-257.

Andersson, E. and N. G. Holm. 2000. The Stability of some selected amino acids under attempted redox constrained hydrothermal conditions. Origins of Life and the Evolution of the Biosphere 30: 9-23.

Arendt, D. and K. Nübler-Jung. 1999. Rearranging gastrulation in the name of yolk: evolution of gastrulation in yolk-rich amniote eggs. Mechanisms of Development 81:3-22.

Barry, M. 1839. Researches in Embryology. --Second Series. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 129:307-380

Benton, M. J., M. A. Wills, and R. Hitchin. 2000. Quality of the fossil record through time. Naure 403:534-537.

Bolker, J. A. 1995. Model systems in developmental biology. BioEssays 17: 451 - 455.

Britt, B. B., P. J. Makovickey, J. A. Gauthier, and N. Bonde. 1998. Postcranial pneumaticity in Archaeopteryx. Nature 395:374-376.

Budd, G. E. 1998. Arthropod body-plan evolution in the Cambrian with an example from anomalocaridid muscle. Lethaia 31:197-210.

Budd, G. E., 1999. Does evolution in body patterning genes drive morphological change-or vice nersa? Bioessays 21:326-332.

Budd, G. E. and S. Jensen. 2000. A critical reappraisal of the fossil record of the bilaterian phylo. Biological Reviews 75:253-295.

Burnham D. A., K. L. Derstler, P. J. Currie, R. T. Bakker, Z. Zhou and J. H. Ostrom. 2000. Remarkable new birdlike dinosaur (Theropoda: Maniraptora) from the Upper Cretaceous of Montana. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions 13:1-14.

Burgers, P., and L. M. Chiappe 1999. The wing of Archaeopteryx as a primary thrust generator. Nature 399:60-62.

Caldwell, M. A. 1887. The embryology of Monotremata and Marsupialia --Part I. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B 178:463-486.

Chang, S. 1994. The planetary setting of prebiotic evolution. In S. Bengston, ed. Early Life on Earth. Nobel Symposium no. 84. Columbia University Press, New York. p.10-23.

Chen, J.-Y., D.-Y. Huang, and C.-W. Li. 1999. An early Cambrian craniate-like chordate. Nature 402:518-522.

Chen, P.-J., Z.-M. Dong, and S.-M. Zhen. 1998. An exceptionally preserved theropod dinosaur from the Yixian formation of China. Nature 391:147-152.

Chiappe, L. M., S.-A. Ji, Q. Ji, and M. A. Norell. 1999. Anatomy and systematics of the Confuciusornithidae (Theropoda: Aves) from the late Mesozoic of northeastern China. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 242:1-86.

Clark, J. M., M. A. Norell, and L. M. Chiappe. 1999. An oviraptorid skeleton from the Late Cretaceous of Ukhaa Tolgod, Mongolia, preserved in an avianlike brooding position over an oviraptorid nest. American Museum Novitates 3265:1-36.

Clarke, C. A., B. S. Grant, F. M. M. Clarke, and T. Asami. 1994. A long term assessment of Biston bettularia (L.) in one UK locality (Caldy Common near West Kirby, Wirral), 1959-1993, and glimpses elsewhere. Linnean 10:18-26.

Collier, J. R. 1997. Gastropods, the snails. In S. F. Gilbert and A. M. Raunio, eds. Embryology: constructing the organism. Sinaur and Associates, Sunderland p. 189-217.

Colquohoun, M. K, and A. Morley. 1943. Vertical zonation in woodland bird communities. Journal of Animal Ecology 12:75-81.

Commeyras, A., H. Collet, L. Bioteau, J. Taillades, O. Vandenabeele-Trambouze, H. Cottet, J-P. Biron, R. Plasson, L. Mion, O. Lagrille, H. Martin, F. Selsis, and M. Dobrijevic. 2002. Prebiotic systhesis of sequential peptides on the Hadean beach by a molecular engine working with nitrogen oxides as energy sources. Polymer International 51:661-665.

Conway Morris, S. 2000. The Cambrian "explosion": slow fuse or megatonnage? Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 97:4429-4429.

Cooper, G., N. Kimmich, W. Belisle, J. Sarinana, K. Brabham, and L. Garrel. 2001. Carbonaceous meteorites as a source of sugar-related organic compounds for the early Earth. Nature 414:879-882.

Copley, J. 2001. The Story of O. Nature 410:862-864.

Coyne, J.A. 1998. Not black and white. Nature 396:35-36.

Cruz, Y. P. 1997. Mammals. In S. F. Gilbert and A. M. Raunio, eds. Embryology: constructing the organism. Sinaur and Associates, Sunderland p. 459-489.

DeBraga, M., and O. Rieppel. 1997. Reptile phylogeny and the interrelationships of turtles. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 120:281-354.

Desmond, A. 1982. Archetypes and Ancestors: Palaeontology in Victorian London 1850-1875, Blond & Briggs, London 287p.

Desmond, A., and J. Moore. 1991. Darwin: the life of a tormented evolutionist. Warner Books, New York 808p.

Dingus, L. and T. Rowe. 1998. The mistaken extinction: dinosaur evolution and the origin of birds. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York 332p.

Eernisse, . and A. G. Kluge. 1993. Taxonomic congruence versus total evidence, and amniote phylogeny inferred from fossils, molecules, and morphology. Molecular Biology and Evolution 10:1170-1195.

Endler, J. AL. 1986. Natural Selection in the Wild. Monographs in Population Biology 21. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 336p.

Fedonkin, M. A., 1994. Vendian body fossils and trace fossils. In S. Bengston, ed. Early Life on Earth. Nobel Symposium no. 84. Columbia University Press, New York. p. 370-388.

Fedonkin, M. A., and B. M. Waggoner. 1997. The Late Precambrian fossil Kimberella is a mollusc-like bilaterian organism. Nature 388:868-871.

Fell, P. E. 1997. The concept of larvae. In S. F. Gilbert and A. M. Raunio, eds. Embryology: constructing the organism. Sinaur and Associates, Sunderland p. 21-28.

Felsenstein, J. 1978. Cases in which parsimony or compatibility methods will be positively misleading. Systematic Zoology 27:401-410.

Forster, C. A., S. D. Sampson, L. M. Chiappe, and D. W. Krause. 1998. The theropod ancestry of birds: new evidence from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar. Science 279:1915-1922.

Gehling, J. G., and J. K. Rigby. 1996. Long expected sponges from the Neoproterozoic Ediacara fauna of South Australia. Journal of Paleontology 70:185-195.

Gauthier, J. A., 1994. The diversification of the amniotes. In D. R. Prothro and R. M. Schoch eds. Major features of vertebrate evolution. Paleontological Society Short Courses in Paleontology 7:129-159.

Gauthier, J. A., A. G. Kluge, and T. Rowe. 1988. Amniote phylogeny and the importance of fossils. Cladistics 4:105-209.

Garner, J. P., G. K. Taylor, A. L. R. Thomas. 1999. On the origins of birds: The sequence of character acquisition in the evolution of avian flight. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Biological Sciences Series B 266:1259-1266.

Gould, S. J. 1977. Ontogeny and Phylogeny. The Belknap Press, Cambridge, 501p.

Gilbert, S. J., ed. 1991. A conceptual history of modern embryology. Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, 266p.

Gilbert, S. F. 1997. Arthropods: the crustaceans, spiders and myriapods. In S. F. Gilbert and A. M. Raunio, eds. Embryology: constructing the organism. Sinaur and Associates, Sunderland p. 237-257.

Gilbert, S. F. 2000. Developmental Biology, Sixth Edition. Sinaur Associates, Sunderland 749p.

Graham, A. 2001. The development and evolution of pharyngeal arches. Journal of Anatomy 199:133-141.

Grant, B.S., A.D. Cook, C.A. Clarke, and D.F. Owen. 1998. Geographic and temporal variation in the incidence of melanism in peppered moth populations in America and Britain. Journal of Heredity 89:465-471.

Grant, P. R. 1999. The ecology and evolution of Darwin's finches. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 492p.

Gurdon, J. D., and N. Hopwood. 2000. The introduction of Xenopus laevis into developmental biology: of empire, pregnancy testing and ribosomal genes. International Journal of Developmental Biology 44:43-50.

Hanic, F., M. Morvová and I. Morva. 2000. Thermochemical aspects of the conversion of the gaswous system CO2--N2--H2O into a solid mixture of amino acids. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 60: 1111-1121.

Hartley, P. H. T. 1953. An ecological study of the feeding habits of the English titmice. Journal of Animal Ecology 22:261-288.

Hayes, J. M. 1967. Organic constituents of meteorites, a review. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31:1395-1440.

Hobishi, M. K. 1998. Studies on order in prebiological systems at the laboratory of chemical evolution. Origins of Life and the Evolution of the Biosphere 28: 123-130.

Holland, H. D. 1994. Early Proterozoic atmosphere change. In S. Bengston, ed. Early Life on Earth. Nobel Symposium no. 84. Columbia University Press, New York. p. 237-244.

Horner, J. R. 1982. Evidence of colonial nesting and 'site fidelity' among ornithischian dinosaurs. Nature 297: 675-676.

Horner, J. R. and Makela, R. 1979. Nest of juveniles provides evidence of family structure among dinosaurs. Nature 282: 296-298.

Huelsenbeck, J. P., and D. M. Hillis, 1993. Success of phylogenetic methods in the four-taxon case. Systematic Biology 42:247-264.

Hughes, R. L., and L. S. Hall. 1998. Early development and embryoloby of the platypus. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B 353:1101-1114.

Hunten, D. M., 1993. Atmospheric evolution of the terrestrial planets. Science 259: 915-920.

Irvine, W. M., 1998. Extraterrestrial organic matter: a review. Origins of Life and the Evolution of the Biosphere 28: 365-383.

Jensen, J. A., and Padian, K. 1989. Small pterosaurs and dinosaurs from the Uncompahgre fauna (Brushy Basin Member, Morrison Formation: ?Tithonian), Late Jurassic, western Colorado. Journal of Paleontology. 63, Pages 364-373.

Ji, Q., P. J. Currie, M. A. Norell, and S.-A. Ji. 1998. Two feathered dinosaurs from northeastern China. Nature 393:753-761.

Ji, Q., M. A. Norell, K.-Q. Gao, S.-A. Ji, and D. Ren. 2001. The distribution of integumentary structures in a feathered dinosaur. Nature 410:1084-1088.

Kaplan, I. R., E. T. Degens, and J. H. Reuter. 1963. Organic compounds in stony meteorites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 27:805-834.

Kettlewell, H. B. D. 1955. Selection experiments on industrial melanism in the Lepidoptera. Heredity 9:323-342.

Kettlewell, H. B. D. 1956. Further selection experiments on industrial melanism in the Lepidoptera. Heredity 10:287-301.

Kettlewell, H. B. D. 1973. The evolution of melanism: the study of a recurring necessity; with special reference to industrial melanism in the Lepidoptera. Clarendon Press, Oxford 423p.

Kluge, A. G. 1997. Testability and the refutation and corroboration of cladistic hypotheses. Cladistics 13:81-96.

Kluge, A. G. 1998. Total evidence or taxonomic congruence: cladistics or consensus classification. Cladistics 14:151-158.

Kluge, A. G. 1999. The science of phylogenetic systematics: explanation, prediction, and test. Cladistics 15:429-436.

Knoll, A. H., and S. B. Carroll. 1999. Early animal evolution: emerging views from comparative biology and geology. Science 284:2129-2137.

Kobayashi, K., T. Kaneko, T. Saito, and T. Oshima. 1998. Amino acid formation in gas mixtures by high energy particle irradiation. Origins of Life and the Evolution of the Biosphere 28: 155-165.

Kump, L. R., J. F. Kasting, M. E. Barley. 2001. Rise of atmospheric oxygen and the "upside-down" Archean mantle. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems -G3, 2, Paper number 2000GC000114.

Lee, M. S. Y., 1993. The origin of the turtle body plan:bridging a famous morphological gap. Science 261:1716-1720.

Lee, M. S. Y. 1997. Pareiasaur phylogeny and the origin of turtles. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 120:197-280.

Majerus, M. E. N. 1998. Melanism: evolution in action. Oxford University Press. New York. 338p.

Martin, M. W., D. V. Grazhdankin, S. A. Bowring, D. A. D. Evans, M. A. Fedonkin, and J. L. Kirschvink. 2000. Age of Neoproterozoic Bilatarian body and trace fossils, White Sea, Russia: implications for metazoan evolution. Science 288:841-845.

Maurette, M. 1998. Carbonaceous micrometeorites and the origin of life. Origins of Life and the Evolution of the Biosphere 28: 385-412.

Miller, S. 1953. A production of amino acids under possible primitive earth conditions. Science 117:528-529.

Miller, S. and H. Urey. 1959. Organic compound synthesis on the primitive earth. Science 130:245-251.

Miyakawa, S., K-I Murasawa, K. Kobayashi, and A. B. Sawaoka. 2000. Abiotic synthesis of guanine with high-temperature plasma. Origins of life and Evolution of the Biosphere 30: 557-566.

Nelson, O. E. 1953. Comparative embryology of the vertebrates. Blackiston, New York, 982p.

Nielsen, C. 1995. Animal evolution: interrelationships of the living phyla. Oxford University Press, New York, 467p.

Norell, M., Q. Ji, K. Gao, C. Yuan, Y. Zhao, L. Wang. 2002. 'Modern' feathers on a non-avian dinosaur. Nature 416:36-37.

Norell, M. A., and P. J. Makovicky. 1999. Important features of the dromaeosaurid skeleton II: information from newly collected specimens of Velociraptor mongoliensis. American Museum Novitates 3282:1-45.

Novacek, M. J. 1992. Mammalian phylogeny: shaking the tree. Nature 356:121-125.

Novacek, M. J. 1994. Morphological and molecular inroads to phylogeny. In L. Grande and O. Rieppel, eds. Interpreting the hierarchy of nature: from systematic patterns to evolutionary process theories. Academic Press, New York, p. 85-132.

Novacek, M. J. 2001. Mammalian phylogeny: Genes and supertrees. Current Biology 11:R573-575.

Nunn, J. F. 1998. Evolution of the atmosphere. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association 109:1-13.

Ogata, Y., E-I. Imai, H. Honda, K. Hatori, and K. Matsuno. 2000. Hydrothermal circulation of seawater through hot vents and contribution of interface chemistry to prebiotic synthesis. Origins of Life and the Evolution of the Biosphere 30: 527-537.

Orgel, L. E. 1998a. The origin of life - a review of facts and speculations. Trends in Biochemical Sciences 23:491-495.

Orgel, L. E., 1998b. The origin of life -- how long did it take? Origins of Life and the Evolution of the Biosphere 28: 91-96.

Oró, J. 1961. Comets and the formation of biochemical compounds on the primitive Earth. Nature 190:389-390.

Oró, J. 1994. Early chemical stages in the origin of life. In S. Bengston, ed. Early Life on Earth. Nobel Symposium no. 84. Columbia University Press, New York. p. 48-59.

Ostrom, J. H., S. O. Poore, and G.E. Goslow. 1999. Humeral rotation and wrist supination: Important functional complex for the evolution of powered flight in birds? Smithsonian Contributions in Paleobiology 89:301-309.

Padian, K. 1995a. Pterosaurs and typology: archetypal physiology in the Owen-Seeley dispute of 1870. In W.A.S. Sarjeant, ed. Vertebrate Fossils and the Evolution of Scientific Concepts. Gordon and Breach, Yverdon, Switzerland p. 285-298.

Padian, K. 1995b. Form and Function: The evolution of a dialectic. In J.J.Thomason ed. Functional Morphology and Vertebrate Paleontology Cambridge University Press p. 264-277.

Padian, K. 1997. The rehabilitation of Sir Richard Owen. BioScience 47: 446-453.

Padian, K. 1999. Charles Darwin’s views of classification in theory and in practice. Systematic Biology 48:352-364

Padian, K. 2001a. Cross-testing adaptive hypotheses: phylogenetic analysis and the origin of bird flight. American Zoologist 41:598-607.

Padian, K. 2001b. Stages in the origin of bird flight: beyond the arboreal-cursorial dichotomy. In J.A. Gauthier and L. M. Gall eds. New Perspectives on the Origin and Early Evolution of Birds. Yale University Press, New Haven p.255-273.

Padian, K., and K. D. Angielczyk. 1999. Are there transitional forms in the fossil record? In P.H. Kelley, J.R. Bryan, and T.A. Hansen eds. The Evolution-Creation Controversy II: Perspectives on science, religion, and geological education. Paleontological Society Papers 5:47-82.

Padian, K. and L. M. Chiappe. 1998. The origin and early evolution of birds. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 73:1-42.

Patterson, C., D. M. Williams, and C. J. Humphries.1993. Congruence between molecular and morphological phylogenies. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 24:153-188.

Paterson, H. E. H.1985. The recognition concept of species. Transvaal Museum Monograph 4:21-29.

Pietrewicz, A. T. and A. C. Kamil. 1977. Visual detection of cryptic prey by blue jays Cyanocitta cristata. Science 195:580-582.

Pietrewitz, A. T., and A. C. Kamil. 1981. Search image and the detecting of cryptic prey: an operant approach. In A. C. Kamil and T. D. Sargent eds. Foraging behavior. Ecological, ethological and psychological approaches. Garland Press, New York, 311-331.

Rasmussen, B., and R. Buick. 1999. Redox state of the Archean atmosphere; evidence from detrital heavy minerals in ca. 3250-2750 Ma sandstones from the Pilbara Craton, Australia. Geology 27: 115-118.

Reese, A. M. 1915. The alligator and its allies. G. P. Putnam and Sons, New York 358p.

Richardson, M. K., J. Hanken, M. L. Gooneratne, C. Pieau, A. Raymond, L. Selwood, and G.M. Wright. 1997. There is no highly conserved embryonic stage in the vertebrates: implications for current theories of evolution and development. Anatomy and Embryology 196:91-106.

Richardson, M. K., J. Hanken, L. Selwood, G. M. Wright, R. J. Richards, and C. Pieau. 1998. Haeckel, embryos, and evolution. Science 280:983-984.

Rieppel, O. 2000. Turtles as diapsid reptiles. Zoologica Scripta 29:199-212.

Rieppel, O., and M. deBraga. 1996. Turtles as diapsid reptiles. Nature 384:453-455.

Rieppel, O., and R. R. Reiz. 1999. The origin and early evolution of turtles. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 30:1-22.

Rode, B. M., 1999. Peptides and the origin of life. Peptides 20: 773-786.

Rowe, T., R. A. Ketcham, C. Denison, M. Colbert, X. Xu, and P. J. Currie. 2001. Forensic paleontology: the Archaeoraptor forgery. Narure 410:539-540.

Rupke, N. A. 1993. Richard Owen's vertebrate archetype. Isis 84:231-254.

Russell, E. S. 1916. Form and function: a contribution to the history of animal morphology. John Murray, London. Reprint of 1982, University of Chicago press, Chicago 383p.

Rye, R., and H. D. Holland. 1998. Paleosols and the evolution of atmospheric osygen: a critical review. American Journal of Science 298:621-672.

Schauinsland, H. 1903. Beitrage zur entwicklungsgeschichte und anatomie der wirbeltiere. Zoologica herausgeg, C. Chun, Stuttgart.

Schoenwolf, G. C. 1997. Reptiles and birds. In S. F. Gilbert and A. M. Raunio, eds. Embryology: constructing the organism. Sinaur and Associates, Sunderland p. 437-458.

Seilacher, 1994. Early multicellular life: Late Proterozoic fossils and the Cambrian explosion. In S. Bengston, ed. Early Life on Earth. Nobel Symposium no. 84. Columbia University Press, New York. p. 389-400.

Shapiro, R. 1999. Prebiotic cytosine synthesis: a critical analysis and implications for the origin of life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 96: 4396-4401.

Shipman, P. 1998. Taking wing: Archaeopteryx and the evolution of bird flight. Simon and Schuster, New York 336p.

Shu, D.-G., H.-L. Luo, S. Conway Morris, X.-L. Zhang, S.-X. Hu, L. Chen, J. Han, M. Zhu, Y. Li, and L.-Z. Chen. 1999. Lower Cambrian vertebrates from south China. Nature 402:42-46.

Tutt, J. W. 1896. British Moths. George Routledge, London 368p.

Valentine, J. W. 2000. Two genomic paths to the evolution of complexity in bodyplans. Paleobiology 26: 513-519.

Valentine, J. W., D. Jablonski, and D. H. Erwin. 1999. Fossils, molecules and embryos: new perspectives on the Cambrian explosion. Development 126:851-859.

Wagner, G. P., and J. A. Gauthier. 1999. 1,2,3 = 2,3,4: a solution to the problem of the homology of the digits in the avian hand. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 96:5111-5116.

Washington, J. 2000. The possible role of volcanic aquifers in prebiologic genesis of organic compounds and RNA. Origins of Life and the Evolution of the Biosphere 30: 53-79.

Wells, J. 2000. Icons of evolution: science or myth?: why much of what we teach about evolution is wrong. Regnery, Washington DC, 338p.

Witmer, L. M. 1995. The extant phylogenetic bracket and the importance of reconstructing soft issues in fossils In J.J. Thomason ed. Functional Morphology and Vertebrate Paleontology Cambridge University Press p. 19-33.

Whittet, D. C. B. 1997. Is extraterrestrial organic matter relevant to the origin of life on earth? Origins of Life and the Evolution of the Biosphere 27: 249-262.

Woese, C. R. 1998. The universal common ancestor. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 95:6854-6859.

Xiao, S., Y. Zhang, and A. H. Knoll. 1998. Three-dimensional preservation of algae and animal embryos in a Neoproterozoic phosphorite. Nature 391:553-558.

Xu, X., X.-L. Wang, and X.-C. Wu. 1999. A dromaeosaurid dinosaur with a filamentous integument from the Yixian Formation of China. Nature 401: 262-266.

Xu, X., Z. Zhou, and X. Wang. 2001. The smallest known non-avian theropod dinosaur. Nature 408:705-708.

Zardoya, R. and A. Meyer. 1998. Complete mitochondrial genome suggests diapsid affinities of turtles. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 95:14226-14231.

Zardoya, R., and A. Meyer. 2001. The evolutionary position of turtles revised. Naturwissenschaften 88:193-200.

Zubay, G. and T. Mui. 2001. Prebiotic synthesis of nucleotides. Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere 31:87-102.